Course(s)                               Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering (NQF Level 8)

Subject Name                        Fluid Mechanics

Subject Code                         ME223

Duration                                 13 teaching weeks, plus 1 examination week

                                                and 1 mid-semester week

Contact Hours                       6 hours per week (3 Lect; 2 Tut; 1 Lab)

Credit Points                         18

Delivery Mode                       On campus

Prerequisites                         EN112, EN121 and EN212

Co-requisites                         Nil

Subject Coordinator             TBA


Fluid Mechanics enables students to develop their understanding of fluids, fluid statics and fluid dynamics. In this course, students will study the basic fluid properties and derive the basic formulations of fluid statics applicable to manometers, submerged bodies, buoyancy and stability. The subject covers fluid kinematics and Lagrangian and Eulerian views in fluid mechanics. Students will be introduced to the integral approach in fluid mechanics to derive Reynolds transport theorem and apply it to mass conservation, linear momentum and angular momentum. They will derive Bernoulli equation and apply it to the measurement of pressure in viscid and incompressible flow and understand and analyse the flow behaviour in laminar and turbulent pipe flows. The subject includes the concepts of basic boundary layer theory and the experimental method of experimental fluid mechanics via dimensional analysis and theory of similitude and modelling.

Subject Topics

1.       Fluid Properties

2.       Fluid Statics

3.       Fluid kinematics

4.       Control volume approach

5.       Bernoulli equations and its applications

6.       Pipe flow

7.       Flow over immersed bodies

8.       Dimensional analysis, similitude, and modelling

Subject Learning Outcomes

On completion of this subject, students should be able to:

  1. Describe the basic terminologies used in the development of concepts of fluid mechanics
  2. Outline the main concepts, governing principles, and techniques of fluid mechanics involved
  3. Apply the concepts, governing principles and techniques to solve fluid problems
  4. Analyze, synthesize, evaluate and design fluid problems
  5. Work together with effective communication, professionalism and ethical responsibility

Assessment Tasks and Weightings

To obtain a pass grade in this Subject at least 50% overall must be achieved, and at least 40% achieved in the final examination.

Students must also refer to the Subject Assessment Details.

Assessment 1 – Assignment:The assignments are intended to support students achieving the learning outcomes for the subject and will contribute 20% towards the final grade for the subject.

Assessment 2 – Class Test:The Test contributes 30% towards the final grade for the subject and evaluates progress towards achievement of learning outcomes.

Assessment 3 –Final Exam:The individual components of final examination enable final evaluation of achievement of learning outcomes and contribute 40% towards the final grade for the subject.

Assessment 4 – Lab Report:A team based or individual lab report outlining individual or team formation. Team based report outlining formation and member roles, team and member action plan.The report contributes 10% towards the final grade for the subject.

It is important that all students familiarise themselves with the University of Technology Assessment Guidelines including those on plagiarism in the Academic Integrity Policy at:

Subject Mapping

Subject Learning Outcomes (SLO) are mapped to each of the PNG National Qualifications Framework (NQF), Course Learning Outcomes (CLO), Unitech Graduate Attributes (GA), Assessment Tasks (AT) and Engineers Australia (EA) Stage 1 Competencies.

SLOSLO to NQFSLO to CLOSLO to GASLO to ATSLO to EA Stage 1 Competencies
18 – knowledge11,31,2,31.1
28 – knowledge, skills1, 21,2,31,2,31.1, 1.2, 1.3
38 – Applications, Knowledge and skills52,61,2,32.1, 2.2
48 – Applications, Knowledge and skills3,4,62, 61,2,32.3
58 – Applications, Knowledge and skills7,83, 543.1, 3.2, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6

Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competencies

1.1 Comprehensive, theory-based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the engineering discipline.2.1 Application of established engineering methods to complex engineering problem solving.3.1 Ethical conduct and professional accountability.
1.2 Conceptual understanding of the mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the engineering discipline.2.2 Fluent application of engineering techniques, tools and resources.3.2 Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.
1.3 In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the engineering discipline.2.3 Application of systematic engineering synthesis and design processes.3.3 Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.
1.4 Discernment of knowledge development and research directions within the engineering discipline.2.4 Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of engineering projects.3.4 Professional use and management of information.
1.5 Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the engineering discipline. 3.5 Orderly management of self, and professional conduct.
1.6 Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the specific discipline 3.6 Effective team membership and team leadership.

Graduate Statement

The mechanical engineering graduate will have the skills and ability to systematically apply the engineering knowledge in an ethical and morally responsible manner in providing practical and sustainable solutions to engineering problems while upholding a level of sensitivity to social, cultural, legal and environmental issues in society.

Mechanical Engineering Course Learning Outcomes

The following table is included to demonstrate to mechanical engineering students that their Course Learning Outcomes address all EA Stage 1 Competencies.

The mapping matrix for all subject learning outcomes within the Course, against EA Stage 1 Competencies, provides more detailed information. That matrix is provided separately to students.

Course Learning OutcomeEngineers Australia Stage 1 Competencies
1. Possession of a deep understanding of the sciences, math, information systems and engineering fundamentals that underpin the mechanical engineering discipline.1.1, 1.2
2. An in-depth understanding of the body of knowledge that forms the mechanical engineering discipline.1.2, 1.3
3. Collection, synthesis and application of information within the mechanical and related engineering disciplines.1.4, 1.5, 2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.4
4. Undertaking research, analysis & evaluation of ideas and concepts within mechanical engineering.1.3, 1.4, 1.6, 2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.2, 3.4
5. Applying problem solving skills to complex mechanical engineering systems and processes.1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3
6. Undertake mechanical engineering design and manage engineering projects.1.6, 2.2, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6
7. Communication via multiple media to diverse audiences, undertaking team roles, teamwork and providing team leadership.2.4, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6
8. Behaving in an ethical and professional manner and respecting others.1.6, 2.4, 3.1, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6
9. Being cognisant of the importance of sustainability and the environmental impact of engineering.1.5, 1.6, 3.1, 3.3, 3.4

Unitech Graduate Attribute

AttributeAcademic dimensionPersonal DimensionTransferable Dimension
Lifelong learnerSustained intellectual curiosity and use of feedback to reflect on their own work.Sets aspirational goals for personal improvement and career growth.Takes responsibility for one’s learning and development.
Critical thinkerUses rules of inference to analyse complex issues and find solutions.Calmly uses logic and critical thinking, and not emotion, in all situations.Ability to find solutions to problems by using logical and imaginative thinking.
Effective communicatorAbility to discuss and debate issues articulately and confidently and convincingly.Character of producing high quality written essays and oral presentations.Ability to communicate and negotiate with others and to listen to them.
Cultural modernistFamiliarity with international standards and world cultures and human rights.Tolerance of the religions and cultures of others.Ability to work in a multicultural setting and comprehension and tolerance of religious and cultural differences.
Moral uprightnessUnderstand and act upon the ethical responsibilities of their actions.Character of acting in a morally upright way in all situations.Professional behaviour at all times.
Technologically savvyFamiliarity and use of technologies appropriately.Keeping up to date with innovations.Character of accepting new technology and quickly adapting to it.

Student Workload

The total workload for the subject for the ‘average’ student is a nominal 150 hours, based on a 15 week semester with 13 weeks of teaching as per the PNG National Qualification Framework.

Subject Textbook

Pritchard and Leylegian, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, 8th Ed., John Wiley & Sons Inc., New Jersey, 2011.


Munson, Young, Okiishi,  and Huebsch, Fundamentals of fluid mechanics, 6th Ed., John Wiley & Sons Inc., New Jersey, 2009.


Recommended Books and Reference Material

Frank M. White, Fluid Mechanics, 7th Ed., McGraw Hill Companies, Inc., New York, 2011.

YouTube Clips

The following youtube clips should help augment your weekly lectures.

Path line, streak line and stream line at:

Reynolds Transport Theorem at:

Boundary Layer theory at:

Relevant Unitech Policies

It is important that all students familiarise themselves with the PNGUOT Assessment Guidelines including those on plagiarism and other relevant policies. These policies are viewed by visiting the PNGUOT website: